[Nix-dev] Nix 1.2 released
eelco.dolstra at logicblox.com
Fri Dec 7 14:31:06 CET 2012
I'm pleased to announce the availability of a new stable release of the
Nix package manager. Release 1.2 can be found at
This release has the following improvements and changes:
* Nix has a new binary substituter mechanism: the binary cache. A binary
cache contains pre-built binaries of Nix packages. Whenever Nix wants to
build a missing Nix store path, it will check a set of binary caches to see
if any of them has a pre-built binary of that path. The configuration
setting binary-caches contains a list of URLs of binary caches. For
$ nix-env -i thunderbird --option binary-caches http://nixos.org/binary-cache
will install Thunderbird and its dependencies, using the available
pre-built binaries in http://nixos.org/binary-cache. The main advantage
over the old "manifest"-based method of getting pre-built binaries is that
you don't have to worry about your manifest being in sync with the Nix
expressions you're installing from; i.e., you don't need to run nix-pull to
update your manifest. It's also more scalable because you don't need to
redownload a giant manifest file every time.
A Nix channel can provide a binary cache URL that will be used
automatically if you subscribe to that channel. If you use the Nixpkgs or
NixOS channels (http://nixos.org/channels) you automatically get the cache
Binary caches are created using nix-push. For details on the operation and
format of binary caches, see the nix-push manpage.
* Multiple output support should now be usable. A derivation can declare that
it wants to produce multiple store paths by saying something like
outputs = [ "lib" "headers" "doc" ];
This will cause Nix to pass the intended store path of each output to the
builder through the environment variables lib, headers and doc. Other
packages can refer to a specific output by referring to pkg.output, e.g.
buildInputs = [ pkg.lib pkg.headers ];
If you install a package with multiple outputs using nix-env, each output
path will be symlinked into the user environment.
* Dashes are now valid as part of identifiers and attribute names.
* The new operation nix-store --repair-path allows corrupted or missing store
paths to be repaired by redownloading them. nix-store --verify
--check-contents --repair will scan and repair all paths in the Nix store.
Similarly, nix-env, nix-build, nix-instantiate and nix-store --realise have
a --repair flag to detect and fix bad paths by rebuilding or redownloading
* Nix no longer sets the immutable bit on files in the Nix store. Instead,
the recommended way to guard the Nix store against accidental modification
on Linux is to make it a read-only bind mount, like this:
$ mount --bind /nix/store /nix/store
$ mount -o remount,ro,bind /nix/store
Nix will automatically make /nix/store writable as needed (using a private
mount namespace) to allow modifications.
* Store optimisation (replacing identical files in the store with hard links)
can now be done automatically every time a path is added to the store. This
is enabled by setting the configuration option auto-optimise-store to true
(disabled by default).
* Nix now supports xz compression for NARs in addition to bzip2. It
compresses about 30% better on typical archives and decompresses about
twice as fast.
* Basic Nix expression evaluation profiling: setting the environment variable
NIX_COUNT_CALLS to 1 will cause Nix to print how many times each primop or
function was executed.
* New primops: concatLists, elem, elemAt and filter.
* The command nix-copy-closure has a new flag --use-substitutes (-s) to
download missing paths on the target machine using the substitute
* The command nix-worker has been renamed to nix-daemon. Support for running
the Nix worker in "slave" mode has been removed.
* The --help flag of every Nix command now invokes man.
* Chroot builds are now supported on systemd machines.
This release has contributions from Eelco Dolstra, Florian Friesdorf, Mats Erik
Andersson and Shea Levy.
Eelco Dolstra | LogicBlox, Inc. | http://nixos.org/~eelco/
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